Victorian illustration to download showing a picture of an Irish peasant family in a state of abject poverty outside their tumble-down cabin, 1870. The hovel, constructed in the ruins of an earlier cabin, consists of one small room, roughly thatched, with no chimney – smoke from the fire is coming out of the door. A man wearing an old patched coat stands with his arm round one child; his wife and two other children sit near him. All the children are barefoot. Their pig forages nearby. This cabin was in Kilkenny on the estate of Lord Castlemaine; it measured 9ft by 7ft, and housed the man, his wife, and 6 children. (In 1870 the first Irish Land Act was passed with the aim of providing some protection in law for tenants).