Charles Green and his Great Nassau balloon
Our picture shows one of the 527 balloon flights made by Charles Green (1785-1870), the most renowned British balloonist of the 19th century.

This ascent, made in 1850 from Vauxhall Gardens, was in his Great Nassau balloon, named after his record flight of 1836 from Vauxhall to Weilburg in the Duchy of Nassau in Germany, a distance of 480 miles in 18 hours – a record not broken until 1907.
 
The incredible Patent Impulsoria

Patent Impulsoria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Illustrated London News for 22 June 1850 explains how this amazing invention works:

‘This ingenious means of applying animal power to the working of railways, so as to supersede the costly locomotive engine, has lately been invented in Italy, and exhibited experimentally upon the South-Western Railway. It consists in introducing the animals into a kind of coach, called Impulsoria, by which they transmit their acting power to the leading wheels …

 
Truffle Hunting

Truffle hunting was a popular rural occupation in Britain in the 19th century. Truffles were most often found under the shade of beech and oak trees. Hunters dug down to a depth of around twelve inches, and then set their terrier dogs free to sniff the truffles out.

On the Continent trained pigs were often used instead of dogs. But the most experienced hunters and their young assistants could smell out truffles without the aid of ‘a brute companion’.

The truffle is a species of edible fungus, some about the size of a walnut. Coloured black or white, truffles have a rough, warty surface and a highly characteristic smell. The truffle was used by Victorian chefs to add flavour to sauces, but considered scarcely worth eating on its own. Most truffles were sent to Covent Garden market.

These days they have a variety of uses. White truffles cane be served raw when sprinkled over salads or fried eggs. They can be sliced and inserted into meat, tucked under the skins of roasted chickens, and used as an ingredient in pâtés.

 
The Maple House of Ratibor
This huge maple (The Maple of Ratibor), was said to be in Poland. It is not known whether it was a real creation or a fiction.
 
Stump dancing

California's native big tree species, the giant Sequoia, has long been a marvel of the natural world.

 

 
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